Coriander to Cilantro: Harvesting your own seeds


Coriander seedsI’ve always been confused about the difference between coriander and cilantro (I thought coriandre was just the French name for cilantro – maybe it was just me, haha), and I LOVE fresh cilantro in fish tacos, salads, etc., so I looked it up and discovered that coriander is the seed planted to grow cilantro, and when ground, is a spice used for cooking.

I’ve been getting into harvesting my own seeds more this year, mostly because I find it interesting, and I’ve read that seeds harvested from you own garden are already better suited to your soil and location (and their relevant issues). And hey, it’s economical – no need to buy seeds next year!

So this year, I’ve harvested seeds from our cilantro, lettuce, tomatoes (grown from seed last year) and purple beans (grown from seeds we’ve been harvesting for 5 years). Here’s a quick summary.

To harvest cilantro seeds: wait till they go brown in the garden, then hang to dry. I just wrap a bunch with twine and hang it from a nail over my interior doorways. I do this with lavender too, and it makes for lovely fall decor! In a few weeks, pull off the seeds and either save for next year in a paper towel sealed in a small Ziploc bag, or keep for grinding and using in recipes.

To harvest lettuce seeds: let one plant go to seed. It will become tall and start flowering, and eventually, little bits of fluff will form on the ends of the buds. Bring them inside and rub the fluffy bits together with your thumb and forefinger (with a paper towel underneath to catch the seeds) and keep as above. I’m also letting another plant stay in the garden to see if it will “self seed” (for early spring lettuce) if and when the fluff falls off the plant. We’ll see!

Harvesting lettuce seeds

To harvest tomato seeds: just pull the seeds out of any tomato and let them dry in a paper towel. Fold it up and keep in a bag as above – you can even plant the little bit of paper towel along with the seeds next year if they don’t want to come off. But mine picked off the paper just fine.

To harvest bean seeds: leave some of your beans on the vines in the garden till they look dead and shriveled. Pick them, bring them inside and let them dry a few days or weeks longer, until they’re crispy to the touch. Break them apart to release the seeds and keep as above.

Sounds easy right? It is! So go spread the love! I’d love to know what other seeds you harvest and how they turn out.

It’s a sausage party! A sausage-making collaboration


I love a good collaboration with like-minded folks, especially when it combines comraderie, creativity and sustainability. But throw in some unabashedly poor taste jokes and boom, it’s a party. Yup, a Sausage Party!

My talented friend, Belinda, who hand-crafts the most beautifully artful all-natural soaps as her side gig (@loveyoursuds) and I were looking for a way to collaborate our like-minded interests. We had recently reconnected (having worked together many years ago), discovered we lived very near each other, and met up to make a great “trade” – some of her soap plus a formerly loved green hoody for some of our deer sausages and 5 lbs of concord grapes from my yard! Belinda’s boyfriend loved the sausages, and we were looking for an opportunity for our partners to meet socially, so we lined up a date for, you guessed it, a sausage party!

Because my husband is a hunter, we have to credit him for the main ingredient, the meat! I pre-thawed 7lbs of ground deer, 2 lbs of beef (from our Langley family farm source, Capko Farms) and 1lb of elk, and I purchased 5lbs of pork fat and the sausage casings from our local meat shop (Beefway Meats). Belinda had made sausage before, so she suggested a recipe, and managed to borrow a sausage stuffer from a friend, while we hauled out our hand-me-down 1970’s meat grinder that Stewart had been dying to use since ensconcing it from his parents’ garage last year. A few spices and some onion, and we were ready to go!

Sausage ingredients

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Because it was a social gathering too, it was important that we enjoy some fun drinks and eats, so I put together a charcuterie plate and red wine, and Belinda and Ken brought homemade pizza and craft beer from the new Luppolo brewery– yum!

Charcuterie

We sanitized the island counter so we could all get in on the mixing right on the counter, and decided to make separate batches for the deer, elk and beef, with slight variations to the recipe for each (add sun dried tomatoes, add red pepper flakes, etc.). Some of us mixed while others washed and got the grinder and attachments ready.

Meat grinder

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This grinder is a relic and a bit special in its own right, as Stewart’s father, who passed away last fall, used it to make his own sausages (and grind all his meat) at least thirty years ago. Its fire engine red exterior complemented the bright yellow apron (advertising French mustard) that was still in the box. Hence, we all had to don aprons to get in on the fun. Mine was a particularly cheesy Christmas bear apron (It’s February).

Sausage making party

From left: Ken, Belinda, me, Stewart

Next, we ground the fat and mixed it into the seasoned meat mixture (note: wild meat has very little fat so requires some extra for taste and juiciness). I almost didn’t post this photo, as it looks a little gross, but I figure if you’re still reading, you can’t be too put off at this point. I won’t however post the video we took of grinding the fat, as that was even a little much for the hunter among us. Eek.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We did fry up a bit of the mixture for a taste test, and all agreed it was tasty!
Then, once the sausage stuffing attachment was fitted on the grinder, Belinda gave a demonstration how to use it, and that’s when most of the inappropriate jokes began, in front of our teenage daughter, who suddenly became interested in helping us, and hey, what better way to also spend some time with your kid on her own accord.

Sausage stuffing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

The stuffing ensued, and all hands were on deck to try to get the sausages a consistent length and thickness (roughly 6″) without overwhelming Belinda, who was feeding the casings. This we just had to get on video.

Sausage making video

Once we had a few pounds prepared, I started packaging them, simply, with freezer paper, a scale to get the packages an even weight (1lb each) and some masking tape.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deer Sausage

We ended up with 7lbs per couple, plus one for the friend.
All in all a great, fun experience which we plan to do again with new and more daring recipes, as soon as our own sausage stuffer from Amazon shows up!

 

If you’d like more details or have questions, leave us a comment below. Thanks!

How to make grape jelly


It’s taken me 4 years to get my jelly making method down pat from experimenting with different recipes (no single source seemed to give ALL the instructions), so I wanted to save others the time, effort and hassle of doing the same! And in usual GND style, I’ll try to make it as simple as possible. 

Let’s be clear – this is a labour of love. You could fairly easily buy grape jelly. If I added up the cost of materials and the time it takes to harvest, de-stem, bag, weigh, wash, blend, sieve, wait, strain, pour, stir, boil and clean up after, my jelly would be worth about $100 a jar at my current consulting rates. 😉 But we make jelly. We make it because we have 25-30lbs of grapes growing in our yard every year, because our family loves it, and because I can control exactly what (and how much sugar) goes into it. OK, as long you’re still with me, let’s begin (and I’d read the whole post first to make sure)!

What you’ll need:
Grapes – we have small Concord (purple) grapes, and they have large seeds, so they are essentially useless to eat as a snack and are somewhat difficult to process. If you have seedless grapes (and/or a good juicer), you can skip at least step 4. This is the most important step to avoid insanity from small seeded grapes!

5 lbs of grapes will give you roughly 5 cups of juice and 5 small (8 oz/250ml) jars of jelly. You can only process 5 jars at a time, so work with 5 lb batches.

  • Blender or juicer
  • Sieve
  • Cheese cloth or nut milk bag (I bought one of these online for $3 and it’s been great, as it’s reusable)
  • A few medium sized bowls
  • Large pot (for making the jelly recipe)
  • Canning equipment (you can get this all together as a kit, which I recommend – includes jar gripper, jar lid lifter, funnel, etc.)
  • Jars with flat lids and tops
  • Pectin. I REALLY like Pomona’s low sugar pectin because a) you don’t have to shell out for 7 cups of sugar for every 5 jars (!), and b) you’re not eating 7 cups of sugar! It’s gotten more expensive in the past few years, but I still prefer it to the regular stuff. You can make any amount of sweetness you want, and grapes are really sweet on their own.
  • Lemon juice (1/4 cup)
  • Sugar (up to 2 cups)
  1. If you are harvesting your own, sit with a bucket between your legs, a pair of gloves and a bowl and gently pull the grapes off the stems. This is a great family activity for kids to earn their keep. 😉 We wear gloves because we seem to get a rash if we don’t. I’m guessing this is similar to the allergic stuffy nose feeling I get from drinking too much red wine. 😉

harvesting grapes2. If you’re making jelly right away, you can leave them unfrozen in the fridge for a few days, but freezing them in large Ziploc bags (5lbs fits very nicely in a bag) works too.

3. If frozen, thaw grapes in their bags in a bowl of hot water in the sink.

4. Blend a small portion (about 2 cups) on low to medium in your blender for about 10 seconds just to get things moving and start to remove the seeds but not to blend them up (yuck).

5. Put your sieve over a bowl and pour the grape mixture in. The sieve will catch the skins and seeds and the juice will drip into the bowl. To get more juice out of the fruit, pour it through the cheese cloth or nut milk bag – you can let it drip into another bowl, but I get sick of waiting so I squeeze it through and it turns out fine. This is the part of jelly making I just couldn’t get my head around because the sludge/juice would stop dripping through and it could literally take DAYS for the juice to drop through the cheese cloth. So I squeeze it! You could absolutely use a juicer for parts 4 & 5, but I can’t justify buying one just to make grape juice once a year. Repeat until done. ***2017 update: borrowed a juicer from a friend and it changed my jelly making life! Yay!***

6. For best results, let your bowl of grape juice sit in the fridge overnight, and the next day, pull the “foam” off the top with a spoon, then squeeze it through your cheese cloth/bag again.

Straining grape juice

7. Sterilize your jars, tops and lids – I just do this all together in the canning pot and boil them for 10 minutes before letting them sit waiting for me while I prepare the jelly recipe.

Making grape jelly

8. Measure 5 cups juice into the large pot (any leftovers can be mixed half and half with water or other drinks – yum!). Add lemon juice (plus calcium water if using Pomona’s pectin – the instructions are inside the box, so I won’t repeat them here, but it’s easy). Stir and bring to boil. While it’s heating up, measure 5 tsp pectin into a bowl with 1/4 cup sugar and mix. Measure the rest of your sugar into another bowl.

Pomona's pectin

9. Pull the jars and lids out of the pot and set them on a tea towel, spaced apart as this is where you’ll be filling the jars.

9. Once the juice boils, add the pectic/sugar mixture and stir like crazy for 2 minutes to dissolve the pectin, then add the rest of the sugar and stir to dissolve. I used to test the consistency of my jelly at this point, but using the amounts and method above, I don’t seem to need to do this anymore, and it saves time and anxiety.

10.  Pour the jelly into the jars, but leave 1/4″ at the top (important). You need to keep the jar edges clean (and I never reuse the flat lids). You can use the funnel but I just find this to be more equipment and mess – just pour carefully with oven mitts on because everything is hot.

11. This is where the canning accessories from the kit come in handy. Use the magnetic lid lifter to set the lids on top of the jars and screw on the tops. Then use the jar gripper to put them in the canner with the wire rack in. Lower the jars down and add more water on top of them if needed to cover them by at least an inch, and wait for the water to boil.

Canning accessoriesCanning pot

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12. Boil hard for 10 minutes (there’s all sorts of timing rules to ensure your jelly doesn’t go bad, but I just boil it for 2 minutes longer to take care of any variables).

13. Clean up while boiling and make sure your tea towel is in a place that can be left undisrupted for a day.

14. Use the jar gripper to lift the jars out without disrupting them too much. Place on tea towel, and just leave them (for 24 hours)! You’ll be tempted to tilt them and try to see the jelly, but don’t . Usually the lids will make a popping sound as soon as I pull them out of the canner, indicating they’ve sealed. If they don’t, don’t worry, but you’ll need to check they are sealed by pressing lightly on them after the 24 hours to ensure they don’t pop up and down. Otherwise, you’ll need to redo the canning process…or eat it right away.

Grape jelly

Phew. I know, it’s a lot of steps, and I always question whether it’s worth it, but hey, the grapes are free, it’s a great family activity, and the end product is fantastic on toast, pancakes, crackers, etc. or usually well received as a unique gift. Enjoy, and let me know if you have any questions or comments!

Harvesting grapesconcord grapes 

 

Learnings from the dirt: A mid-season garden review


On exactly the same day two years ago (unintentionally), I wrote a “mid season review” post, complete with proud photos of everything growing so successfully. I just re-read it, and to my total surprise, the weather has been similar and the garden is fairing almost exactly the same. I could have sworn that we’ve had less sun and more garden annoyances this year, but it appears that an “un-seasonally” hot May and miserable June are actually quite standard around here. So I’ve had a closer look at what’s worked, and what I could learn from the problems and failures. To start, here’s what I planted when:

Early – mid April – Spinach, Chard, Arugula, Kale, Basil (indoors), Tomato (indoors), PeppersKale
Late April – Potatoes, Kale #2, Spinach #2, Carrots, Little Gem lettuce, Chard #2, Cukes, Zuchs
Garden in July
Early – mid May – Yellow bush beans, purple beans (from seeds we started harvesting 4 years), tomatoes (from plant) and tomato from last year’s self-harvested seeds, indoors.Tomato From Seed

Little Gem lettuce

Little Gem lettuce – soft like butter lettuce

And here’s a few things I learned or have discovered consistencies with:

  1. Lettuces almost always deliver! If planted early and continuously, you can have greens for your salad all summer, and into fall.
  2. Spinach and chard don’t! I love spinach in my smoothies, but when planted in April with a hot May, they seem to either not come up, or start to flower (bolt) in the heat before they even grew larger enough to eat. I guess I need to plant spinach FIRST and EARLY. The chard is still limping along, but after 2 months and no real discernible growth, I have to assume the same rule applies.

    Flowering Potatoes

    Flowering potato plant

  3. Give everything enough room. I really thought I’d learned this previously, but I can’t help it – I get greedy or sometimes I forget how much space each veggie needs. I figure I’m still ok as long as I thin the kale and carrots out to about 12″ and 2″ apart respectively, by the time they’re a few inches tall.
  4. Aphids seem to like kale and fruit trees, and ants like everything else!
    (note: another post to come on this subject!)
  5. Not all potatoes flower – I figured there was something wrong with my first plantings, as they didn’t flower, and then I remembered that in a panic to get something in the ground, I just threw in some old potatoes left over from the cupboard. I also forgot to hill them up after 4 weeks and just did it recently at about the 8-10 week mark (I didn’t keep track – what can I say, I’ve been busy this year). I only discovered this once my second planting (from a bag of purchased potato seedlings) started to flower – they’re so pretty, but if they both produce good spuds, I guess it doesn’t matter!  

    Finally, here’s a few photos of some relatively happy spaces in the garden around mid-season. Not too much to harvest just yet other than kale and lettuce, but with a little more sun, we should be on our way. Enjoy!

    Growing basil

    Hurry up tomatoes, so I can make tomato-basil-feta salad!

    Zucchini flowers

    First zucchini flowers – love watching them open up

    Non prickly blackberry bushes

    Our non-prickly blackberry bushes (unlike the weedy ones you find beside railway tracks ;-). The passersby seem to like them as much as we do, but hey….spread the love.

    Harvesting blackberries

    Blackberries and raspberries in my bowl – yay! The blackberries are 1-1/2″ long, I kid you not!

    Hydrangea

    Although not a flower gardener, I just can’t ignore the gorgeous hydrangeas in the yard right now!

 

 

Tomatoes in our space and outer space!


This was the first year I’ve tried my hand at “Heirloom” tomatoes. I don’t even know if I can call them that, as Heirloom is described in most places as “seeds passed down through generations”, and I just harvested my seeds last year, haha. At any rate, the idea of getting FREE seeds and using them to grow FREE food the following year really excites me. I know the word “sustainable” is overused too, but seriously, this is it!

In my usual completely un-fancy way, we took a few seeds out of some of our favourite tomatoes from last year, dried them on a paper towel, folded it up, put it in a baggy, labeled it, put it in the cupboard and promptly forgot about it.heirloom tomato seeds

AIMG_7196a few weeks ago, I tapped a few of the seeds just below the surface of some manure-y dirt and placed them in a sunny spot on my windowsill (my de facto greenhouse). Here is the result after a few weeks.
I was so excited something actually came up, although they sure don’t look like the tomato plants I usually buy (because they’re easy) and plant outside around this time.

Then, much to my delight, my youngest daughter arrives home from school with two tiny potted seedlings that look exactly like the ones growing on my windowsill and announces “these tomato plants were in outer space for 50 days!”

TomatosphereWith some prodding, I got some of the story of the project their school’s science classes are involved in, called Tomatosphere, which according to their website, “uses the excitement of space exploration to teach the skills and processes of scientific experimentation and inquiry. Students investigate the effects of the space environment on the growth of food that will inevitably support long-term human space travel.”

Apparently the seeds were distributed to about 18,000 classes in Canada and the US during the 2015-16 school year. They were launched to the International Space Station on April 14, 2015 and spent 5 weeks in space before returning to earth and being distributed to classrooms, along with a package of “placebo” seeds so students could compare the germination rates of the two groups of seeds. My daughter indicated the ones from space actually grew quicker. You can learn more about the program on the Tomatosphere site.

I’m hardening off our seedlings this week, and they’ll go in the garden along with the purchased plants which are much further along. Now, how to get them to grow quicker…..

It’s May and the garden is underway


Forgive me, for I have sinned…it’s been a YEAR since my last post. I’ve had reams of material idling in my brain for months, even during winter, but as I’m sure many people can relate, life gets in the way, so I’ve focused my energy recently on my yard instead of the writing.

Grow your own veggiesI’m happy to report that the garden IS underway, with green bits popping up all over, and I continue to try to push seeds into whatever soil I can get my hands on, trying not to be too greedy and plant things too close together, as I’ve learned it doesn’t pay off in the end.

Pictured here is the back garden featuring tomatoes (from plant), kale and arugula, and the light green bits in the front are little gem lettuce that I planted last fall and we’ve been enjoying since March! I did plant the tomatoes close to them, as they’ll be finished as the tomato plants grow and start to shade them. And the little spec of yellow is a marigold – I like to pop those in between the tomato plants to keep the bugs away a bit.

The front garden is also getting a facelift this season. Until a week ago, it was one big weed pit, except for the veggie boxes of course, after having pulled out most of the grass and weeds last year and running out of time to do anything with it. Instead, this year, we’ve hired our friend’s Garden landscapinglandscape company, Ecologik, to make magic out of the dirt. Nothing fancy – just some ground cover to keep the weeds out (or down), some gravel paths and a few pavers. Our kids use the BACK yard for running around, so we had no need for a maintenance-heavy lawn, and I’ve taken up every inch of sun-touched space for growing. I’m a happy woman. I’ll post “after” shots soon!

Hopefully there will be a bit more “green” in the garden by the time the landscaping is done in a few weeks. I’ve been experimenting with trying to stretch out my intended harvest a bit more this year. Just planting a few things every week, and waiting till they pop up to plant more. It’s been 7 weeks since I put the first seeds in, our May long weekend is coming, and I usually like to have everything in by then to ensure a good harvest by August, so we’re on the right track! The best part is seeing a little bit of growth every day now, with the tiny seedlings becoming stronger and thicker, so I can start thinning them out. The daily progress is what keeps me going, and I stave off the antsy-ness by planting greens and herbs early so we can enjoy them in our salads now while we patiently await and tend to the rest of the hopeful bounty.

Hope to see you here again soon.

Quick, it’s not too late to plant!


It’s garden season, and I didn’t even get around to posting in April. Sadly, my garden is in about the same shape as the blog. I got so busy with work and life that I literally didn’t notice that the sunshine (and showers), weeds and no-jacket-weather meant I should start planting! Heck, even the local Farmer’s Market started up already this weekend!

So much for my advice about planning ahead, reviewing my past calendars or setting alerts for myself.

I did manage to get some lettuce, kale and potatoes in the ground a month ago, which are now popping up.

Growing Potatoes

Early potatoes..and my old pink gardening crocs…for good luck.

Kale seedlings

I planted spinach too, but it didn’t bother coming up. I think my seeds were old, but I’ve also discovered that spinach is finicky and only likes just the right combo of cool and warm weather. However, I will persevere, as it’s a high yielder when it does flourish, and the first thing I would choose for my daily smoothies.

In the back of my mind, the Victoria Day long weekend (May 16th this year) is always a marker for when almost everything should be in the ground if I want to be eating it by July/August. I just hadn’t been cognisant of how close it was (a week away!)

So finally this week, I rustled up my old notes, where I had noted what I had planted where and when, and made a quick plan on my calendar for what needs to happen next in order to ensure a decent harvest this year.

I usually wait to plant the heat lovers like squash to ensure a harvest when I get home from our time away in mid August, but I decided to experiment and just get to it. We should get to enjoy it before we leave, but if not, the house sitter can have her fill.

So today, I planted tomatoes (from plants as always), basil, yellow beans, purple beans (from seeds I harvested last year), half my cucumber seeds, some yellow (patty pan) squash, carrots and another round of spinach and lettuce (which I hope to plant every few weeks, time and space permitting, to ensure a continuous harvest).

So…the message here?
People are always telling me they don’t have a clue about gardening, what to plant when, and they think they need to be experts before they ever plant anything. But I maintain that it’s ALL experimentation, every year, and I am giddy and consider myself lucky when I get to enjoy anything I’ve grown. So even though I was slow on planning this year, all was not lost, and it’s really a matter of prepping your soil and just getting something in the ground. See where the sun likes to lie, what grows best where, and that knowledge will become part of your plan for next year. No PhD needed.

Are you early or late this year, or if it’s your first time growing, what have you planted so far?